Economie mondiale

  • Why are some nations more prosperous than others? This book sets out to answer this question, with a compelling and elegantly argued new theory: that it is not down to climate, geography or culture, but because of institutions. It explains why the world is divided into nations with wildly differing levels of prosperity.

  • Cet ouvrage propose un panorama complet et actualisé de l'économie et de la société allemande d'aujourd'hui.
    Le rôle de l'Allemagne au sein de l'Union européenne, la nouvelle donne politique, les structures économiques et sociales de l'Allemagne réunifiée sont ainsi clairement expliqués.
    La présentation bilingue permet de revoir les structures grammaticales et le vocabulaire, dont l'assimilation est facilité par les lexiques placés en fin de chapitre.
    Une partie méthodologique aidera les étudiants à utiliser facilement et efficacement, le jour de l'épreuve, les connaissances indispensables que cet ouvrage leur aura permis d'acquérir.

  • Dans cinquante ans, l'Afrique ne devra plus être du Tiers-Monde, ni le sujet principal des discours sur l'aide. Pour cela, il faut fonder la vision du futur africain sur le bilan rationnel et dépassionné des cinquante dernières années, au lieu des projections approximatives d'une réalité si mouvante et si oppressive qu'est la mondialisation des mouvements de capitaux, de techniques, des idées et des courants migratoires.

  • This collective work addresses key issues surrounding the provision of international assistance. It is based on fieldwork and research undertaken in Afghanistan, and evaluates a number of development programmes. By identifying the gap between the needs of people and the delivery of aid, and examining the decision making processes of donnor agencies in determining which programmes to fund, this book questions the underlying values and assumptions that motivate interventions.

  • Here is one the major challenge for executives, managers, students in management: how to apprehend correctly the world in which they live. This book has one goal: to give the readers a guide for analyzing the enormous quantity of information which flood into their lives. How to assess these data, identify the news which will really impact the world, bring sense to what seems a chaos, in short to put information into a true perspective.

  • Il s'agit de la traduction en anglais de l'ouvrage Comment en finir avec la faim en temps de crises. Commençons dès maintenant ! de Ignacio Trueba et Andrew MacMillan, L'Harmattan, 2014. EXPO Milan 2015 is about Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life. The United Nations presence at EXPO is anchored in the Zero Hunger Challenge, issued by UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon. This book celebrates EXPO by trying to help people understand how hunger can be ended quickly and how the world can feed itself sustainably.

  • "This book is about the economics and management of the process of innovation: a key for growth and wealth. - This book does not target a new theoretical contribution but presents the results of applied field research over a long period of time and in many different geographical and sectoral contexts as well as different size of organizations. This is based on the authors' long academic experience as professors, senior researchers and lecturers in Europe, China and in The United States with focus in the field of economics and management of technology and innovation at bachelor, master and doctoral levels. - "

  • "Although Guinea has important assets in natural resources, hydroelectric energy, agricultural, land and fishing resources, it has not succeed to the present day to use them to transform itself and establish the economic and social development so awaited by its people. The author gives to the government the keys to inclusive and sustainable development based on the endogenous capacities of the country. (La version française de l ouvrage : Clés pour le développement de la Guinée, est disponible)."

  • Starting from the premise that electricity will be an increasingly important vector in energy systems of the future, Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 (ETP 2014) takes a deep dive into actions needed to support deployment of sustainable options for generation, distribution and end-use consumption. In addition to modelling the global outlook to 2050 under different scenarios for more than 500 technology options, ETP 2014 explores the possibility of «pushing the limits» in six key areas: Solar Power: Possibly the Dominant Source by 2050; Natural Gas in Low-Carbon Electricity Systems; Electrifying Transport: How E-mobility Replace Oil; Electricity Storage: Costs, Value and Competitiveness; Attracting Finance for Low-Carbon Generation; and Power Generation in India. ETP 2014 purchase includes extensive downloadable data, figures and visualisations.

  • Cet ouvrage bilingue est destiné aux étudiants de classe préparatoire et de 1er cycle universitaire, ainsi qu'aux étudiants en sciences politiques.

    Il propose un panorama complet et actualisé de l'économie et de la société allemandes aujourd'hui.

    Le rôle de l'Allemagne au sein de l'Union européenne, la nouvelle donne politique, les structures économiques et sociales de l'Allemagne réunifiée sont ainsi clairement expliqués.

    La présentation bilingue permet de revoir les structures grammaticales et le vocabulaire, dont l'assimilation est facilité par les lexiques placés en fin de chapitre.

    Une partie méthodologique aidera les étudiants à utiliser facilement et efficacement, le jour de l'épreuve, les connaissances indispensables que cet ouvrage leur aura permis d'acquérir.

  • Au sommaire de ce numéro : Bowley's law : The diffusion of an empirical supposition into economic theory / From Austrian economics to the Swedish welfare state : Wicksellian views on money and income distribution / Income distribution and the trade cycle in the "years of high theory" / Kaldor et la théorie keynésienne de la répartition / Education, growth and distribution : Classical-Marxian economic thought and a simple model / Public expenditure composition and growth : a neo-Kaleckian analysis.

  • Livre intégralement en italien. Le delocalizzazioni avvantagiano soltanto un'élite finanziaria. Ora, se i tassi di cambio sono stabiliti nel rispetto della parità dei poteri d'acquisto, le delocalizzazioni perdono ogni interesse. Il ruolo dei responsabili politici, economici e monetari è messo in causa dato che essi sono tutti sotto l'influenza di coloro che dalle delocalizzazioni traggono profitto. L'autore dimostra che esistono soluzioni economiche : occorre solo il coraggio politico di applicarle.

  • This report evaluates the education reform agenda of Kazakhstan - its feasibility and focus - by taking stock of present-day strengths and weaknesses of the secondary education system. The report also provides guidance on adjusting the reform implementation plans in line with international experiences and best practices regarding educational change, and consolidates much of the previously dispersed (national) data on primary and secondary schools in Kazakhstan into a common analytical base of evidence, validated by the education authorities.Chapter 1 of this report provides an overview of the country, it education system and reform plans. Subsequent chapters provide analysis of and recommendations on equity and effectiveness of schooling; assessment and evaluation practices; policies for teachers and principals; expenditure patterns and financing mechanisms; vocational education and training; and a summary of the recommendations.

  • 'Our democracy has gone profoundly wrong. Economists have failed us. Politicians have lied to us. Things must change. This fearless new book will help make it happen' Owen Jones ' An explosive call for change ... packed with original research ... a case study for the question we should all be asking since the crash: how have the elites - in Westminster, in the City, in economics - stayed in charge?' Aditya Chakrabortty, Guardian 'Utterly compelling and sobering' Ha-Joon Chang A century ago, the idea of 'the economy' didn't exist. Now economics is the supreme ideology of our time, with its own rules and language. The trouble is, most of us can't speak it. This is damaging democracy. Dangerous agendas are hidden inside mathematical wrappers; controversial policies are presented as 'proven' by the models of economic 'science'. Government is being turned over to a publicly unaccountable technocratic elite. The Econocracy reveals that economics is too important to be left to the economists - and shows us what we can do about it. 'A rousing wake-up call from a collective of dissident graduate students ... technically assured, well-argued and informative' Robert Skidelsky 'If war is too important to be left to the generals, so is the economy too important to be left to narrowly trained economists ... thought-provoking' Martin Wolf 'An interesting and highly pertinent book' Noam Chomsky

  • Europe is experiencing a threefold crisis with economic, institutional as well as political dimensions. The crisis is first economic as European countries have endured the most severe recession since World War Two. This recession exposed the weaknesses of European governance, i.e. of the macroeconomic policies but also of the EU institutions. A crisis of trust results from those events. Indeed, the difficulties to overcome the crisis have caused a drop in European citizens' support towards the EU. In this context, the on-going public debate is monopolized by the two extreme positions of self-satisfaction and Euroscepticism. The former has its roots in the fact that the reforms implemented during the crisis have enabled the euro and the EU to survive. At the opposite, the depth of the crisis has fed Eurosceptic views arguing in favour of restoring national currencies as well as the primacy of domestic norms. The contributions of this volume tend to reject both visions. Our ambition is indeed to feed the public debate by exploring different possibilities of reform for the EU. Given the multidimensional nature of the on-going crisis, a multidisciplinary approach is followed throughout this special issue in order to grasp the political, legal and economic aspects of the debate.

  • The economic crisis which began in 2008 has hit European countries diversely, causing economic and labour market disequilibria of more or less magnitude. As with past global crises, the current one has gendered implications. While women's employment was preserved relative to men's in the early stage of the Great Recession, austerity plans implemented in several countries to limit public deficits and debts seem to have affected female workers more deeply thereafter. How gendered are labour market changes in recession and austerity and how should crosscountry differences be analysed? This special issue of the Revue de l'OFCE aims to shed light on the differences in the gendered dimensions of past and/or present crises and their related policy impacts on European labour markets. The issue includes several comparative papers that either deal with the effects of the crisis at a European Union level, or focus on events in country groups most hit by the crisis and austerity (the central and eastern European (CEE) countries). To complete the panorama, this issue also includes case-studies of several countries to help understand the great variety of crises and the gender impacts on labour markets of subsequent public policies.

  • The 2007 global financial crisis developed from 2009 into a sovereign debt crisis in the euro area. These crises highlighted weaknesses and drawbacks in terms of EU governance which were already there from the beginning. Since 2010, the EU authorities have introduced a number of new mechanisms such as the Euro plus Pact, the Fiscal Pact, the «European semester», the European stability mechanism, and more recently the banking union. Do these mechanisms improve EU governance? The EU remains so far an area of low growth and large imbalances.
    This volume is a release of twelve papers given at the 10th EUROFRAME Conference on economic policies in the European Union, held in Warsaw on 24 May 2013. In this volume, twentyfour economists give and discuss different views on how to improve governance in the EU: stricter fiscal rules and market discipline, redemption fund, fiscal federalism or ECB's guarantee for public debts and more co-ordinated and growth targeted domestic fiscal policies. Other papers discuss the effects of fiscal policies, the right timing for fiscal consolidation, or propose new resources for the EU budget. This volume wishes to bring together a wide spectrum of contributions to the European debates on how to improve governance in the EU.

  • This volume brings together a selection of papers given at the 11th EUROFRAME Conference on economic policies in the European Union: «What future for taxation in the EU?» held in Paris on June 4, 2014.
    European economies have high taxation levels, which allow financing the European Social Models, characterised by a high level of public and social spending. Hence taxation issues are of first importance in Europe and have generated a huge number of analyses, reports and debates over the last decades. As concerns the future of taxation in the EU, a broad group of questions is: which tax reforms should be implemented at the domestic level? Do we need tax harmonisation and tax coordination at the EU level? How could tax reforms help in the resorption of euro area current imbalances?
    In the introductory chapter, Catherine Mathieu and Henri Sterdyniak provide a summary of all papers given at the Conference. Six of the Conference papers are released in this volume, addressing taxation issues from different perspectives: the financial transactions tax (Stephan Schulmeister), the issue of sustainable tax policy concepts and indicators (Margit Schratzenstaller), the issue of a major tax reform in France (Henri Sterdyniak), tax progressivity in the OECD countries with a case study for Germany (Sarah Godar, Christoph Paetz, and Achim Truger); the interaction between the labour tax wedge and structural reforms in Italy (Michele Catalano and Emilia Pezzola); Tax policy, investment decisions and economic growth in Italy (Manuel Bonucchi, Monica Ferrari, Stefania Tomasini, and Tsvetomira Tsenova).

  • Trade statistics are a unique source to broaden our understanding of early-modern economies and their evolution. Still, they have been under-utilized by researchers.
    This volume features a detailed panorama of early-modern trade statistics' sources and discusses some of the ways they can be used to study the transformation of European commerce and economies in the late-eighteenth and early nineteenth century. It is of special interest for both economists and historians interested in the period of the first Industrial Revolution.
    In this special issue, Loïc Charles and Guillaume Daudin have gathered an wide-ranging list of scholars, experts in the economic history of early-modern trade from several countries.
    This volume include twenty-three short essays discussing the various available sources on trade data, as well as seven additional research papers. In total, it provides information on thirty five countries or areas. As to the research articles, three of them discuss methodological issues regarding the use of early trade statistics, and the remaining four others actually use some of these trade statistics to produce new insights.

  • The independent Annual Growth Survey (iAGS) provides, as a counterpoint to the Annual Growth Survey of the European Commission, an independent assessment of the economic situation of the European Union by three European economic institutes: OFCE (Paris), IMK (Düsseldorf) and ECLM (Copenhagen).


    Despite some positive signs, the iAGS 2014 report argues that the European economic crisis is far from over. The policies conducted so far, in particular fiscal austerity, have failed and European countries still pay the price of this failure.
    Imbalances have not been solved but only displaced, from current account to unemployment, from public deficit to inequalities and poverty. iAGS 2014 spells out an alternative strategy. First, backloading fiscal consolidation is still an option but this reversal in the stance of fiscal policy also requires the ECB to reduce substantially the sovereign spreads that still exist inside the euro area. Second, it is time to invest in the future. Higher public investment would substantially boost GDP and reduce unemployment. Thirdly, rising poverty and inequalities must be fought. Finally, wage deflation has to be addressed directly. A minimum wage norm across the EU would be a brake to deflation. It would be a powerful tool for re-balancing in the medium term the current account positions in a symmetrical way.

empty