Conseil De L'europe

  • The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe publishes a volume of adopted texts for each of its four part-sessions and Standing Committee meetings.
    The Assembly, or the Standing Committee on its behalf, can adopt three different types of texts: opinions, recommendations and resolutions.
    Opinions are mostly expressed by the Assembly on questions put to it by the Committee of Ministers, such as the admission of new member states to the Council of Europe, but also on draft conventions, or the budget.
    Recommendations contain proposals addressed to the Committee of Ministers, the implementation of which is within the competence of governments.
    Resolutions embody decisions by the Assembly on questions which it is empowered to put into effect or expressions of views for which it alone is responsible. They can also be addressed to national parliaments.
    References to committees: the Bureau of the Assembly decides whether communications - in particular from the Committee of Ministers and from the Secretary General - and motions for recommendations and resolutions should be referred to the appropriate committee for action, if any. Referrals are then ratified by the Parliamentary Assembly.

  • L'Europe subit de plein fouet les effets de la mondialisation. Parallèlement aux vastes mouvements de population, la conscience de l'interdépendance s'est accrue et, avec elle, la course aux ressources naturelles. Ces transformations affectent non seulement les institutions et la situation économique et sociale des individus, mais aussi, de manière plus décisive, l'opinion publique. Fait inédit dans l'histoire moderne, la société, en proie à un sentiment diffus d'insécurité et de peur, manque de confiance en l'avenir.

    Ce sentiment se répand en Europe. La dégradation de l'écosystème planétaire et une distribution inéquitable des biens produits ont engendré des inégalités et des injustices sociales. Le taux de chômage est élevé et le surendettement augmente autant au sein des ménages - y compris de ceux bénéficiant d'un travail - que des Etats eux-mêmes. Ces derniers, plus affaiblis encore depuis la récente crise financière, peinent à maintenir les acquis sociaux obtenus après la seconde guerre mondiale.

    Dans ce cadre, le Conseil de l'Europe a interrogé plusieurs intellectuels reconnus sur leur vision de l'avenir, en les invitant à nous livrer leurs réflexions afin de susciter un débat sur la manière d'envisager le progrès sociétal et le vivre-ensemble.

  • Citizenship and human rights education are among society's strongest defences against the rise of violence, discrimination and intolerance. However, their aims, objectives and approaches are not always understood and their implications for policy and practice only partially recognised.

    This policy tool explains what citizenship and human rights education are about and what they mean in terms of policy making in a lifelong learning perspective, namely, in the different phases of education and training - whether formal, informal or non-formal - from general education to vocational training and higher education to adult education. It sets out a policy cycle involving policy design and implementation, as well as policy review and sustainability.

    This tool aims to provide support to key decision makers in member states -ministers, parliamentarians and government officials. It can, however, be used by anyone involved in designing, implementing and reviewing relevant policies, whether in government and international organisations, education and training institutions, non-governmental organisations and youth organisations.

  • The present publication describes and analyses the measures taken or under consideration by European countries to mitigate the impact of the current financial crisis on the most vulnerable population groups and on the financing of social security systems.

    In the first part, it provides facts and figures regarding the consequences of the crisis on European labour markets and on social security schemes. The second part sums up and classifies anti-crisis measures into three broad categories: social security policies, employment policies and public sector policies.

  • In the final declaration of their 8th conference, the European ministers responsible for migration affairs committed to promoting and protecting the human rights of migrants, with special attention to gender equality and the rights of women; to strengthening dialogue and co-operation between receiving, transit and origin countries, particularly within Europe; and to promoting coherence at all levels (international, national, regional and local) between migration, development and integration policies.

    The ministers also agreed to manage economic migration with a view to promoting economic and social progress in receiving, transit and origin countries; to enhance social cohesion by improving the integration of migrants and persons of immigrant background and the re-integration of migrants who return to their countries of origin; and to strengthen the contribution of migrants and persons of immigrant background to development in receiving and origin countries and their involvement in co-development programmes.

    This report was prepared to support the ministerial debate during the conference. It presents the main aspects and characteristics of migration in the member states of the Council of Europe, analyses policy challenges raised by contemporary migration and identifies an integrated policy agenda.

  • Les recherches en biologie et en médecine ont permis des avancées remarquables dans le domaine de la santé humaine. Les développements très rapides de ce domaine ont conduit le Conseil de l'Europe à se pencher sur les aspects éthiques et juridiques posés par les applications de la génétique, notamment les tests génétiques, et à élaborer des normes juridiques permettant de protéger les droits fondamentaux de la personne à l'égard de ces applications.

    Le nouveau Protocole définit des principes ayant trait notamment à la qualité des services génétiques, à l'information et au consentement préalable ainsi qu'au conseil génétique. Il établit des règles générales pour la conduite des tests génétiques. Il traite ainsi pour la première fois au niveau international des tests génétiques en accès direct dont l'offre commerciale pourrait s'accroître à l'avenir. Il précise les conditions dans lesquelles des tests peuvent être effectués sur des personnes n'ayant pas la capacité de consentir. Sont également couvertes la protection de la vie privée et le droit à l'information recueillie au moyen des tests génétiques. Il aborde enfin la question du dépistage génétique.

  • What role do the people play in defining and developing human rights?This volume explores the very topical issue of the lack of democratic legitimisation of national and international courts and the question of whether rendering the original process of defining human rights more democratic at the national and international level would improve the degree of protection they afford.The authors venture to raise the crucial question: When can a democratic society be considered to be mature enough so as to be trusted to provide its own definition of human rights obligations?

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